Should Voting Compulsory Essay

Hi PTE exam takers, today I am posting an essay on “Compulsory Voting”. I am giving you both views of for and against the topic. Both will provide you with the different perspective. Check it out and do write your view in the comment section.

Write about below given essay topic in 200-300 words. You have 20 minutes to finish the task.


In Some Countries Around The World, Voting Is Compulsory. Do You Agree With The Notion Of Compulsory Voting?


If Voting Is Compulsory In A Democratic Society, What Conclusions Can We Draw About Nature Of Democracy?


The topic of compulsory voting in a democratic society as prevalent in over twenty nations is undeniably a controversial topic. Under the mandatory voting system, the eligible citizens, often starting at age 18 register for and participate in the democratic election of representatives. While there are many who disagree with the notion of compulsory voting, I am in favor of it.

The practice of compulsory voting results in higher voter turnout and produce governments with more stability, legitimacy and a genuine mandate to govern. The most beneficial aspect of it is an informed citizen, an enhanced caliber of representatives and better decisions. The system as a whole not only benefits offices and also benefits all individuals.

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For instance, one of the most well-known compulsory voting systems is in Australia. Prior to the 1924 compulsory voting law, the voter turnout was as low as 47% which soon jumped to between 91% and 96%. Some people perceived advantages to compulsory voting are the stimulation of broader interest politics, as a sort of civic education and political stimulation, which creates a better-informed population. In Australis, the voters who do not turn up could face a moderate fine while, in some countries like Belgium, the voters who don’t turn up could face prosecution or harsh punitive action.

In a nutshell, it can be said that mandatory voting system in a democratic society is beneficial, however, its implication in a friendly manner is of vital importance. Like compulsory education, voting should also be made mandatory for a democracy to be a democracy.

PTE ESSAY: In Some Countries Around The World, Voting Is Compulsory. Do You Agree With The Notion Of Compulsory Voting?


Democratic societies elect holders of high office by voting. Where some suggest that it is the duty of citizens to participate in decision making, other believe that it is undemocratic to force people to vote. Furthermore, compulsory voting may infringe other rights. I am against this notion and will further present my viewpoint in this essay.

The government can not force or threaten citizens with fines to cast their vote. Instead of seeing voting as a civic duty, rather see it a civic right. While citizens may exercise their civil rights they are not compelled to. For instance, most Christadelphians believe that they should not participate in political events. Forcing them to vote ostensibly denies them their freedom of religious practice. So enforcing compulsory voting system may infringe citizens of their liberty and other rights.

Another argument against compulsory voting is that voters often vote for candidates they have no knowledge of, simply to fulfill legal requirements. For instance, Brazil has one of the most well known compulsory voting systems but resentment among citizens against this mandatory step has increased from 43% in 2008 to 61% in 2014. Also, there is no evidence to suggest a change in government spending patterns or electoral outcomes in countries where compulsory voting is enforced.

In nutshell, no study suggests that the populations of Belgium or Australia for instance, where compulsory voting has long existed, are better informed and more politically aware than the populations of New Zealand, France, Canada or the Scandinavian countries, where voting has never been compulsory.

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Many arguments exist to prove or disprove the importance of compulsory voting. The arguments for compulsory voting state that there cannot be a fair election if groups of people fail to cast their ballots. For this reason, arguments in favor demand the enforcement of compulsory voting to ensure full participation for fair elections. The arguments against claim that forcing individuals to cast ballots against their will can lead to empty votes, or donkey votes. Both sides strive for acceptance, each claiming to outweigh the other, but before casting judgment on either side of the argument, it is important to understand the most prominent pros and cons of each to decide why compulsory voting would do more harm than good.

The main benefit of compulsory voting is a larger voter turnout. When voting is mandated by a government and every legal individual turns in a vote, this ensures that the government has a solid number to work with. By having those figures available, the government will know for sure exactly how many votes each party has acquired for the election, leaving no room for error in the event of undecided voters.

Many individuals say that this leads to a more fair election process because everyone has submitted an opinion for consideration. These same individuals claim that voters who do not participate muddle the voting pool because the number of individuals who did not participate could have swayed the outcome of the election in another direction. However, the arguments against compulsory voting cite this as the same reason that voting should be voluntary.

One of the most popular theories in the argument against compulsory voting is the lifeboat theory. The theory states that 11 people are on a lifeboat with no skipper, navigator, map, or compass, and their provisions will only last long enough for one attempt at a journey to dry land. Every person in the boat develops a theory regarding the direction to land and safety, but no one is 100% sure if any of the theories will work.

The occupants of the lifeboat decide that because the situation is so dire, everyone should have the right to vote on a theory. However, only one person casts a vote because that person is the only one certain of one specific theory. The rest of the occupants are undecided, knowing that just because they can cast a vote does not mean that they should if they are not 100% certain of their respective choices.

If the other occupants of the lifeboat were forced to cast votes for their preferred theories, they would have given empty votes. If none of them were sure, they could not say with certainty who had their votes. Because they could not choose, they decided to leave the decision up to one voter who was sure of one theory. Had the other occupants of the lifeboat given empty, compulsory votes, they could have made a decision under pressure that led to their demise. For this reason, many individuals choose not to vote because they are uncertain of their choices or harbor equal faith for all parties on the ballot.

If individuals cannot choose between parties or do not believe in any of them, their votes carry no resonance. Votes should be cast by individuals who strongly believe in the people they vote for, not by individuals who vote because they have no other choice.

Many individuals claim that voting is a civic duty shared by all who live under one government, but this is not the case. Voting is a personal choice made by individuals who strongly believe in the parties they vote for. Compulsory voting is wrong and should not be forced on anyone. Voting is a right, not a duty, and the only votes that carry any weight are the votes cast by confident voters who stand behind their decisions.

Filed Under: Democracy, Law & Politics

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