When people face some troubles, problems, and challenges, they look for ways to solve them. Unfortunately some people start taking drugs. This essay we would like to dedicate to drug abuse and drug addiction problem. We believe that drug addiction essay should turn public attention to this urgent issue.
Drug addiction is a disease that characterizes by a pathological inclination to use drugs. The problem of drug abuse exists for a long time and it is very hard to fight it. Only few people manage to overcome it.
Causes of drug addiction
There are certain reasons that can cause the disease.
- The main reason is dissatisfaction with life; it means that there is lack of something in a person’s life. This problem can appear even in the early childhood. A person always looks for something that can give him new feelings and experience. And in most cases drugs give what human desire.
- Another very common reason is upbringing. A child, who is brought up in a family of drug addicts or in a dysfunctional family, or incomplete family, is prone to become drug addicted person in the future. An emotional connection with the parents and their attention are very important for a child. When a child does not get it, he or she is exposed to emotional breakdowns. If a person didn’t get enough attention, he may become addicted and not only drug addicted.
Drug addiction is a disease and it is classified into 2 forms: physical and psychological addiction.
Psychological drug addiction
Psychological dependence is characterized by a painful desire to experience pleasant feelings that drugs provoke. Some people try to get rid of discomfort with the help of drugs. This kind of addiction will definitely appear if a drug is used for a couple of times. Some individuals are exposed to such an addiction right after the first use of narcotic substance. Psychological dependence occurs due to the fact that a person wants to change his condition and the feeling with the help of drugs. It is really a terrible disease. In this case a person does not leave the thought about the drug. There is a depression, bad mood. When a person gets a dose of a drug his condition changes. He becomes excited and cheerful. It happens that one can not resist his desire to get the drug. So he does everything possible to get it. Such a condition is regarded as a strong psychological dependence.
Physical drug addiction
It should be mentioned that physical dependence is much more stronger than psychological. All the body suffers in this state. When a person abuses drugs constantly the body gets used to it and it changes in such a way that it should always get drugs. Physical dependence manifests itself through somatic and mental disorders in the body. He always wants to get the drug, and almost always is in a state of narcotic intoxication.
During the period when the drug is absent, an individual feels depressed, there are sleep problems and disruptions in all body systems. These symptoms disappear only when the body gets the drug. During various types of drug addiction, withdrawal syndrome manifests itself in different ways, it means there are different symptoms. However, it should be mentioned that not all types of drugs cause physical dependence. Opiates, cannabis and ephedrine derivatives, cause strong drug addiction. In medicine, there is such a term as drugs tolerance. This means that each time the addict requires bigger dose of narcotic substances.
Symptoms of drug addiction
In fact it is very hard to recognize the beginner addict. Even experienced doctors sometimes can not do this. Sometimes a person looks very well, and you would never think that he has harmful passions. Characteristic features of the inveterate addict are the following:
- Indifferent look
- Expanded or constricted pupils, that is not caused by the lighting.
- Such a person wears long-leaved clothes no matter what weather is.
- Appearance is untidy – dry hair, swollen hands, black broken teeth.
- Such a person will slouch.
- Lethargy and do not quite understandable speech.
- Lethargy and awkward movements.
- When a person is asked, he irritates and responses in a raised voice.
- You can find marks of injections on the hand rear side. Addicts do injections throughout the body. They even manage to inject harmful substances in the blood vessels of the head. Sometimes marks of injections merge in purple-blue hemorrhage.
How to identify drug addiction in adolescents
Very often teenagers suffer from drug addiction. All the parents should pay much attention to their children. If parents are attentive they can notice and suspect that something is wrong.
- The child becomes quite secretive.
- A child can leave the house at the time when earlier he was occupied with something.
- Disturbed sleep.
- Lose of interest to the studies, as well as hobbies that the child enjoyed before.
- Very often, children begin to miss classes without explanation.
- A child behaves strangely. His behaviour reminds alcoholic intoxication.
- A child begins to demand more money. Often there is the loss of money from a purse or valuables from the house.
- A child has new friends, who are not trustworthy.
- There are often changes in mood.
- And of course there can be noticed injection marks on the hands.
Drug influence on the body
You should always remember that influence of the drugs on the body is extremely harmful.
- Cardiovascular system and heart suffer from drug.
- There is a steady decline in blood pressure.
- Pulse is also weak.
- Consequently, the body begins to suffer from lack of oxygen, hypoxia condition develops. Due to lack of oxygen there are the metabolism and organs nutrition disorders.
- Heart functioning declines and eventually heart wears out.
- Often pneumonia adds.
- If a person suffered this disease after a while there is a risk of heart failure symptoms, and as a consequence – death.
- Drug substances influence also digestive system. Due to the use of drugs, an appetite may decrease. Typically, addicts do not eat fully or even refuse to eat. Furthermore, digestion becomes difficult. There are often stomach aches.
- Human liver suffers a lot, cause it removes toxic substances from the body. That is why there is a high risk of getting such a disease as cirrhosis of the liver among the addicts.
- Prolonged use of the drug leads to the fact that a man loses sexual interest in the opposite sex. Men who abuse drugs often suffer from impotence. Some types of drugs can affect the genetics. For example, LSD rearranges some rows of chromosomes, so if a person take this drug even once there is a high chance of diseased offspring birth.
- If the drug is taken in the form of smoking, consequently lungs suffer: chronic bronchitis, pneumonia, lung cancer.
It should be mentioned that child and adolescent drug abuse is a terrible phenomenon. Kids and teenagers are very prone to get strong addiction, because their mind is not quite stable yet. Drug abuse by children can cause serious mental disorders, and dementia. Also moral destruction in children is much faster than in adults. The drugs affect adversely the physical development of the adolescent. These children are significantly behind their peers in height and weight.
Drug addiction is a very horrible disease. Very few, who have a strong will and are able to quit taking drugs, manage to overcome it. So before trying something new in your life, think about the consequences.
I think everyone should read essay on drugs, because this issue concerns every member of society. Unfortunately, drug addiction is not the only problem of our modern life. Previously we discussed cyber bullying problem. For more information visit our website. There you will find essays on urgent topics, essays about nature and its mysteries, and many others. You can also get help from our team of first-class writers. Join us, we are waiting for you!
Example Informative Essay on Drug Addiction
In recent times, many researches have been conducting on therapy and treatment options available for people who are substance (drugs and alcohol) abusers, and these have come a long way from the older treatment options (e.g. Glasscote et al, 1972). These observations have led the researchers to believe that drug addiction and alcoholism are not just primarily a physical ailment but it is also complemented heavily by environmental factors. Alcoholics and drug abusers tend to follow a specific pattern and we find that many of the people who have alcoholic tendencies come from their genetic makeup (Crabbe, 2002). Yet, even though there are some genetic influences that come into play, the abuse is fed by the abuser's immediate environmental factors, such as the attitudes of the family, friends, and support groups. The genetic side of this ailment explains how there are metabolic, structural, and neuro-chemical malfunctions in the brain that causes a person to become addicted to the drugs, which are supplemented by the environmental factors such as the various home, psychological, and social dynamics that the person experiences in his or her life. These two factors are bi-directional, which means that they both interact and conflict with each other in making the symptoms of alcoholism stronger in a person.
The surprising thins is that this is means that the next time you see an alcoholic or a person who is a drug abuser, be sure to think that it is not his or her fault that he is one but he or she has been driven to substance abuse because of either genetic or environmental conditions. Drugs have been a part of our society for many years now. Drugs, other than those used for medicinal purposes, are generally looked down upon and their use is discouraged amongst the people for various reasons. Drugs are considered to be harmful to our health and countless people die every year because of drug abuse. Many definitions exist for the use of 'drug abuse' and all of them relate to the use, misuse, or overuse of drugs for effects that are not therapeutic or medical in nature. Alcohol, cannabis, caffeine, amphetamines, barbiturates, cocaine, nicotine, opium alkaloids, and tranquilizers are some of the most commonly abused drugs. Almost all the countries in the world consider drugs as illegal and the use of drugs can result in criminal penalty, aside from the other more prominent physical and psychological harm (Mosby 2002). This is because the use of illegal drugs can be very dangerous for the persons using, or rather abusing them, and thus, illegal drugs should remain illegal and never be legalized.
In the past few years, the practitioners in the health care and medicare services have tried to view the instances of drug abuse in a much brighter and broader light. The view of drug abuse is changing from being simply the problem of an individual and is being considered as a problem that plagues the society and the culture. Many of the public health professionals are using the terminology of drugs and alcohol 'problems' instead of 'abuse.' Drugs are also being termed as being harmful and problematic. It has been noted that many of the newspapers and the shows on television present drugs and drug abuse as an ambiguous and catchall phrase, when it is strictly a medical and legal term. Many of the television shows and films are reported to have used this phrase in order to describe any drug use at all, especially the use of drugs that are illicit. On the other hand, “in the modern medical profession, the two most used diagnostic tools in the world, the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and the World Health Organization's International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD), no longer recognize 'drug abuse' as a current medical diagnosis. Instead, they have adopted substance abuse as a blanket term to include drug abuse and other things. However, other definitions differ; they may entail psychological or physical dependence, and may focus on treatment and prevention in terms of the social consequences of substance use” (Wikipedia).
Alcohol and drug abuse was first considered to be a part of Sociopathic Personality Disturbances, according to the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 1950. These disturbances were considered to be the symptoms of some other deeper and underlying psychological disorders that constituted the moral weakness on the part of the 'abuser' (Jaffe 1975). By 1980, drug abuse was grouped into the category of 'substance abuse'. The American Psychiatric Association used a definition that used legality, social acceptability, and even cultural familiarity in 1972. According to this definition, “?�?�as a general rule, we reserve the term drug abuse to apply to the illegal, nonmedical use of a limited number of substances, most of them drugs, which have properties of altering the mental state in ways that are considered by social norms and defined by statute to be inappropriate, undesirable, harmful, threatening, or, at minimum, culture-alien” (Glasscote et al 1972).
As it is, drugs are a very big problem for our society and drug addiction is becoming an even bigger one. Many people who are addicted to drugs face many problems in their lives, such as abject poverty, family problems, and health problems. The governments of many countries all over the world have been trying to eliminate drugs and drug addiction from their culture and society but they have been unable to completely eradicate them. This can only happen if the people become increasingly aware of the problems that drugs pose and they learn to live their lives in spite of drugs.
Crabbe, J. C. (2002). “Genetic Contributions to Addiction,” Annual Review of
Glasscote, R.M., Sussex, J.N., Jaffe, J.H., Ball, J., Brill, L. (1972). The Treatment of
Drug Abuse: Programs, Problems, Prospects. Washington, D.C.: Joint Information Service of the American Psychiatric Association and the National Association for Mental Health.
Jaffe, J.H. (1975). Drug addiction and drug abuse. In L.S. Goodman & A. Gilman (Eds.) The pharmacological basis of therapeutics(5th ed.). New York: MacMillan. pp. 284 - 324.
Mosby. (2002). Mosby's Medical, Nursing, & Allied Health Dictionary. Sixth Edition. Drug abuse defintion, p. 552. Nursing diagnoses, p. 2109.
Wikipedia. “Drug Abuse,” Online, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drug_abuse